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Antalya is located in the west of the
Mediterranean region. In ancient times it covered all Pamphylia which
means "the land of all tribes". The land really deserves the name since it
has witnessed many successive civilizations throughout history. In 1st
century BC the Pergamum king Attalus ordered his men to find the most
beautiful piece of land on earth; he wanted them to find "heaven on earth".
After a long search all over the world, they discovered this land and said
"This must be 'Heaven' " and King Attalus founded the city giving it the
name "Attaleia". From then on many nations kept their eyes on the city. When
the Romans took over the Pergamene Kingdom, Attaleia became an
outstanding Roman city which the great Roman Emperor Hadrian visited in 130
AD; an arch was built in his honor which is now worth seeing. Then came the
Byzantines, after which the Seljuk Turks took over the city in 1207 and gave
it a different name, Adalya, and built the Yivli Minaret. The Ottomans
followed the Seljuks and finally within the Turkish Republic it became a
Turkish city and an important port. Antalya has been growing rapidly since
1960 and its population is 1,146,109 according to the 1990 census.
The climate of the province
is typical Mediterranean: hot and dry in summers and temperate and rainy in
Sunshine is guaranteed from April to October and the winters are
pleasantly mild. The humidity is a little bit high, about 64%, and the
average water temperature is 21.5 °C. Antalya is really a heavenly place
where the summer season is about 8-9 months long.
You may reach Antalya from almost every city of the country, and even from little towns, coach companies going to Antalya are available.
Antalya has an international airport which may connect you to major cities. It has modern facilities including waiting rooms, restaurants, cafe-bar, and a shopping center.
When traveling by sea, one can use the Antalya Venice Ferryboat line.
Antalya and its surrounding is an important and noteworthy touristy center on the Mediterranean Coast with its perfect climate and splendid harmony of archaeological, historical and natural beauties, throughout the year. Daily tours to surrounding touristy areas like Side, Alanya and Termessos are available, in addition to longer tours to Pamukkale or Cappadocia or anywhere you would like to go. Professional tourist guides are also available.
The memorial Hadrian Arch and The Clock Tower are remarkable and date back
to Hellenistic era.
This is the nucleus of a city which embraced many civilizations during time.
It is now restored and has became a most attractive touristy center with its
hotels, restaurants, shopping and entertainment facilities. Kaleici retains
all the original ancient Turkish archaeological characteristics. The port's
marina has been completely restored and is well worth visiting. The
restoration activities in Kaleici won the Golden Apple Prize, the Oscar of
A prize winning museum and one of the most notable archaeology museums, of
the world. It is also the only museum in Turkey with a children's department
exhibiting ancient monuments appealing to children.
This ornamental marble arch was constructed in 2nd century BC by the Romans
in honour of the Emperor Hadrian. It is the most amazing area in the whole
ancient Pamphylia region.
(Broken Minaret): Once a Byzantine Panaglia church, later converted into a
This fluted minaret of 13th century was built by the Seljuks. Decorated with
dark blue and turquoise tiles, the minaret eventually became the symbol of
Hidirilk Tower, Ahi Yusuf Mescidi, Iskele Mosque, Murat Pasa Mosque, Tekeli
Mehmet Pasa Mosque, Balibey Mosque, Musellim Mosque, Seyh Sinan Efendi
Mosque and Osman Efendi Mosque are other places to be visited.
"Han"s are Seljuk or Ottoman inns which have
architectural significance. Some worth visiting are the Evdir Han, Klrkoz
Han, Alara Han and Castle and Sarapsu (Serapsu) Han.
It is a Pisidyan city with remnants of an agora, theatre and an odeon. It
has a reputation of being the most magnificent necropolis on the
Mediterranean, 35 kms northwest of Antalya.
18 kms northeast of Antalya. The ruins are spread on two hills, the theatre
on one and the acropolis on the other. According to the legend the city was
built by three heroes from Troy.
34 kms from Antalya on the Alanya direction. It is situated between Aspendos
and Perge and dates back to 4th.century BC.
Aspendos: One of the most important Pamphilian cities. It is situated on the point where the Kopru River meets the sea. Once an important port and a commercial centre, it has a reputation for raisi
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